GREECE CIVIL WAR
Years: 1944-1949 | Est. deaths: 66 000
Published prior to 2013
The Greek Civil War was a war fought between 1944 and 1949 in Greece. On one side were the armed forces of the Greek government, supported at first by Britain and later by the United States. On the other side were the forces of the wartime resistance against the German occupation, whose leadership was controlled by the Communist Party of Greece.
The war had two phases. In the first phase (1944-45), the left-wing resistance movement, which had control of most of Greece, was confronted by the returning Greek government in exile, which had been formed under the auspices of the British in Cairo. In the second phase (1946-49), a right-wing government, elected under abnormal conditions, fought against armed forces controlled by the Communist Party of Greece. The civil war left Greece with severe economic problems and a legacy of political division which lasted until the 1970s.
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